The aim of this study was to assess intestinal symptoms, compliance, andhealth-related quality of life in the endoscopic dilation of benign anastomoticcolo-rectal or colo-colonic strictures. We show that the morbidityassociated with endoscopic dilation is low. Endoscopic dilation with a balloonhas proved to be safe and simple to perform, and allowed us to obtaingood short-term clinical results. Treatment of benign anastomoticstrictures by standard endoscopic dilation contributes to impair gastrointestinalsymptoms. The standard criteria used to define successful dilatationanastomosis (10-13 mm in diameter) are sufficient for an optimal anddiffuse result. Nevertheless, randomized controlled trials are necessary forcomparing gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life index after stricturedilation.