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Work place violence is escalating among Jordanian health care provides, particularly nurses and doctors. However, this issue does not receive much attention from decision makers in the health care sector. The current policy aims to draw the attention of health care decision makers about the importance of developing such policy. A “zero tolerance” policy towards violence in Jordanian hospitals should be immediately established and implemented. 

Published in Embj

The aim of this article is to show methods for dissection of the neck. In the summer of 2017 a group of students of the University of Palermo that have already passed the exam of Human Anatomy took a 4 weeks dissection course at the University of Malta. The students were provided with a dissection kit, video recording equipment and cameras for taking pictures. They dissected the skin, the subcutaneous tissue, the muscular bundles, the muscles, the vascular and nervous bundles, the nerves, the larynx, the trachea and the esophagus. This paper presents the results of the dissection course and a small and simple guide to young students and medical doctors who want to learn the bases of neck dissection.

Published in Embj

Being a serious threat to physical and emotional health of children and adolescents all over the world, bullying in school represents an important public health issue. Since 2007, in Italy, the Ministry of Education (MIUR) has promoted activities to face and prevent bullying in schools of all levels while at the same time national and local Health Authorities have implemented effective social-health strategies. To date, the lack of consistent data needed to properly describe the concerning increase of this Public Health phenomenon prevents both the ability to systematically survey and measure the effectiveness of the public health strategies against bullying. The Bullying In Sicilian Schools (BIAS) pilot study’s aims: i) to estimate the prevalence of bullying in a sample of secondary first-grade schools of Palermo, the largest city in Sicily, investigating its characteristics, and  ii) to assess the feasibility of alternative methods for the detection of the prevalence of bullying in schools.  Here we present the research protocol and the questionnaires that will be used.

 

 

Published in Embj

During the summer of 2016, a group of students from the University of Palermo attending the second year of medicine school took part in a four week course of Whole Cadaveric Dissection at the University of Malta. Within this project, we students worked on a male cadaver by using a surgical kit, taking care to record everything with pictures and videos. In this way, every structure was isolated and studied in comparison with the anatomic atlas’ pictures. The aim of this article is to show the dissection method of the brachial plexus that we used. We started removing cutis and subcutis, then we identified the muscles’ origin and insertion; after isolating vascular-nervous structures, we finally exposed nerves, cords, trunks and roots of brachial plexus by using blunt dissection method.

Published in Embj

This article summarizes the activities of the four-week whole body dissection course the main authors participated in in August 2016 at the dissection hall of the University of Malta (UoM). Our team comprised 10 second-year medicine students from University of Palermo chosen among who had passed the Human Anatomy exam brilliantly. The need to move to the UoM to take part in such activity derives from the lack of practice approach in Italian schools of medicine, focused mostly on the theoretical studies, neglecting practical experience. The heart dissection reveal itself as a huge opportunity to finally apply our anatomical knowledge, improving it and enabling us to compare images took from books to the actual organ. We had the chance to handle a real heart, to appreciate its weight and consistence. We took part in coronary artery courses focusing on their functions within the heart machinery.

Published in Embj

In 2015, a whole body dissection course was proposed by the University of Palermo (UoP), Palermo, Italy, thanks to the cooperation with the University of Malta (UoM), Msida, Malta. The purpose of this study was to show the difference between the study of anatomy on books and on corpses. The article focuses its attention on the dissection method of the upper limb. The study was performed on two corpses, a male and a female, by using a basic surgeon kit. Blunt dissection method was used for fasciae, innards and to isolate vascular-nervous structures from the fat; we used scalpel for cutis, sub cutis, muscles and tendons. We compared the anatomy figured by books and cadaver’s anatomy. We separated muscles, fasciae, veins, arteries and nerves of the upper limb from the shoulder to the hand. The upper limb dissection shows the difference between how a real body appears and how books represent it.       

Published in Embj