This article presents the results of a study on how the formation of the traditional health culture is deeply rooted at the present stage. Unsustainable development of modern Russia and its regions, insufficient legal resources, information and financial support for the conservation of human health and society, public health, or protracted reforms contributed to a significant deterioration in the population’s health. The solu-tion to these problems requires a change in state policies in the health field. As a situation, we consider it to be fundamental to identify the level of Buryatia Buryats health culture, and ways to improve it. Thus, in the traditional culture regarding the Buryat unity of body, mind and soul to this day is an axiom. However, by analyzing how the culture of health is deeply rooted at the present stage, we cannot ignore the fact that there are contradictions. Only a comprehensive examination of the problem will help develop the right policies for the conservation and development of a health culture in the Republic of Buryatia.