Huda M. Al Hourani, Manar F. Atoum
Diabetes has an additional effect on women. This study aimed to identify the risk factors associated with poor glycemic control among type 2 Jordanian diabetic women. A cross-sectional study was conducted on women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Sociodemographic data and the disease history were collected. Bodyweight, height, waist and hip circumference were measured; body mass index (BMI); waist to hip ratio and waist to height ratio were calculated. Eating patterns was evaluated using food frequency questionnaire. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and serum lipid levels were evaluated. Women’s mean age was 56 years. Thirty percent of the subjects were at reproductive age. Fourteen percent of women had a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The magnitude of poor glycemic control was 83.8%. The duration of diabetes (OR = 8.5, 95% CI 1.24-58.3) and not having a history of GDM (OR = 0.151, 95% CI 0.024-0.96) were associated with poor glycemic control. Therefore, a need to empower patients with knowledge and resources to enhance their participation in diabetes self-care.