The high incidence of HIV, especially in sub-Saharan African countries, and the in-crease of life expectancy due to effectiveness antiretroviral therapies, have led to an increase of patients undergoing surgery interventions. To date there is still no defini-tive data on role, outcome and management of HIV positive surgical subjects. This paper reviews the more recent literature about HIV infection, highlighting the main pathologies treated by thoracic, abdominal and orthopedic surgery, without forgetting about other surgery branches. Particular attention was paid to Mozambique, a devel-oping country with one of the highest levels of HIV incidence.
HIV AND SURGERY:AN ISSUE ONLY FOR DEVELOPED COUNTRY? AN OVERVIEW FROM MOZAMBIQUE0