THORACO-PARAPERICARDIAL SPLENOSIS:FEATURES OF A RARE DIAGNOSIS AND A CASE REPORT

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Introduction: Thoracic splenosis is an acquired rare condition, resulting from het-erotopic autotransplantation of splenic parenchyma into chest, usually after traumatic spleen and diaphragm rupture. Methods and Results: This paper describes the thoracic splenosis, as an incidental di-agnosis and asymptomatic condition, 34 years after a thoracoabdominal trauma in a patient who underwent radiological investigations due to a 15 kg weight loss in the previous four months: the only abnormalities found were thoraco-parapericardial and abdominal nodules of splenosis. Discussion: Thoracic splenosis is a rare condition, usually following a thoracoabdomi-nal trauma with concomitant lesions of the spleen and diaphragm, which allow tho-racic implantation of splenic tissue. Patients are generally asymptomatic, and the con-dition is discovered incidentally during radiological investigations, which allow certain diagnosis without using invasive methods. Excision of splenosis should be considered for symptomatic patients or unconfirmed diagnosis. Conclusions: Thoracic splenosis is a rare condition. Imaging investigations allow to diagnose the condition, and excision of splenosis is not suggested for asymptomatic patients

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